Cardiff Castle – Kingsway, Cardiff

By | October 10, 2017

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Cardiff Castle – Kingsway, Cardiff
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Image by ell brown
Going past Cardiff Castle in Cardiff.

Seen from Kingsway.

On this day the Queen attended an event nearby at the Millennium Stadium to unveil a new Welsh Regiment and a parade took place from the castle.

So we went to National Museum Cardiff instead.

The castle is Grade I listed.

Cardiff Castle, Castle

Location
On large site on corner of Duke Street and Kingsway, Bute Park to N and W.

History
For full details of history see References. A Roman timber fort stood on the site from circa AD55-60, successively rebuilt, until around 280 a large stone fort was built, whose foundations define the present castle enclosure. Around 1081, William I built a motte within the Roman enclosure, upon which the present polygonal stone keep was built about 50 years later. This was modified c1300 with addition of S tower; an inner bailey wall was constructed, and probably the Black Tower. Around 1429-39, Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick built a polygonal tower and new domestic range against W wall The range was enlarged in the late C16 by Henry Herbert, Second Earl of Pembroke. The castle was inherited by Lord Mountstuart, later the first Marquess of Bute in 1776 who had the western apartments modified by Henry Holland, and the grounds landscaped by Lancelot Brown. Further work 1817. Some work to Black Tower by John Prichard, 1850. From 1868, the Third Marquess of Bute employed William Burges (1827-1881), amongst the most important Gothic revival architects and designers of the period, to transform the castle into a High Victorian medieval fantasy with particularly exotic interiors, executed by a team of leading artists and craftsmen. The castle also retains important fittings and furnishings from this period. Burges’ sources range across much of European Gothic art; the Arab Room introduces an Islamic influence. Burges’ schemes were continued after his death by William Frame, although Burges’ elaborate Grand Staircase, partially completed, was removed in early C20. The S gate and barbican Tower by J P Grant, 1920s; West gate 1921. The Roman walls were exposed and rebuilt to more than their original height between 1891and 1923. The Castle was given to the City in 1947 by the 5th Marquess of Bute.

Interior
The interior has 17 rooms to the designs of Burges, and others show his guidance. Many of the rooms are of unrivalled sumptuousness and fantasy. CLOCK TOWER has rib-vaulted Winter Smoking room with decoration on the theme of Time. Above this, the Bachelor bedroom with theme of mineral wealth, bathroom with Penarth alabaster.The elaborate Summer smoking room with gallery, ribbed and painted dome, tiled floor, painted wall tiles. GUEST TOWER has Nursery with painted tiles of fables and nursery rhymes, overmantle with figures of Fame and Aesop’s fox fables. Walnut Room with overmantle of Jack and the Beanstalk. ARAB ROOM with Islamic vault, trellis work, multi-coloured marble floor; marble walls, Arabic stained glass. BANQUETING HALL has open timber roof with fan vaulting and angels. Wooden screen to S. Chimneypiece in form of castle with equestrian figure of Robert, Earl of Gloucester. Wall-paintings of his exploits. OCTAGON STAIR in Beauchamp Tower; stone newell and Mouchette balustrade, paintings of Aesop’s fables. Small vaulted ORATORY in French Gothic style. LIBRARY has paired Gothic doorways with relief monkeys; Gothic bookcases; chimneypiece with 5 seated figures representing alphabets and Third Marquess. ENTRANCE HALL (1930). LORD BUTE’S STUDY has lierne vault with foliage bosses and painted birds; panelled walls. Nearby, Office and NOAH ROOM. DRAWING ROOM in simple classical style. DINING ROOM uses scenes from life of Abraham to illustrate hospitality. Heavy painted ceiling with cylindrical beams. Overmantel with sculpted figures of Abraham and Sarah flanking 3 angels over Greek inscription. Stained glass with scenes from life of Abraham; carved and inlaid shutters. LADY BUTE’S APPARTMENT include panelled bedroom, and bathroom with stained glass roundels. CHAUCER ROOM decorated with scenes from Chaucer; octagonal plan top lit from fleche of Beauchamp Tower. Lantern has 2 levels of stained glass with figures from Canterbury Tales, and scenes from Tales, and Chaucerian subjects in tracery glass.Stencilled timbers to lantern. Crocketed arches with murals of Legend of Good Women (corbels of female figures). Walnut panelling inlaid with mother of pearl. Marble chimneypiece with female figures hanging heraldic shield on tree.Tiled floor with vine-leaf maze. Above dining room, LORD BUTE’S SITTING ROOM decorated with scenes of life of St Blane (Patron Saint of Isle of Bute); on door, painting of Seven Deadly Sins overcome by Virtue. Brass overmantel with sculpted beavers on lintel. LORD BUTE’S BEDROOM has ceiling with heavy beams on stone corbels supported by green marble shafts; 3 arches to each wall; beyond bedroom, bathroom. The ROOF GARDEN has marble-faced court with bronze columns supporting tiled roof; mosaic floor. Combination of Medieval and Pompeian styles; wall tiles, and Hebrew inscriptions; bronze fountain and statue of Virgin and Child.

Exterior
Castle entered from S at Black tower (polygonal turret to rear) and S gate (rebuilt 1920s) with towers to R. South walls to W of Black Tower reconstructed in Medieval style by Burges with battlements with flaps between merlons, and slate roof. Curtain walls to SE, E and N reconstructed in Roman Style with crenellations, polygonal turrets, and enclosed wall-walk with arched openings. North wall has central gate with turret to each side; course of pink stone separates Roman Work from reconstruction. To N of N gate, wooden bridge on concrete piers in Roman style. On W side of enclosure, stretch of medieval curtain wall with C20 turret. West front of apartments has, from N, Bute Tower (raised 2 storeys by Burges) statues in arcading, tall square turret to L. Polygonal Beauchamp tower with machicolations and wooden (C19) fleche. Below, reconstructed West Gate (1920s). Square Herbert Tower (raised 2 storeys by Burges) with steep slate roof. Guest tower: gable end of tank tower. At SW corner, Clock tower, machicolated, with heraldic shields, polychrome statues, gilt clock faces, pyramidal lead roof of 2 stages with clerestorey windows of Smoking Room; stair turret to N.
In bailey, Motte surrounded by moat re-excavated in C19. Stone keep dodecagonal in plan; lias w freestone angles; S tower with turret (C20); stairs with base of turret enclosing well. Former curtain wall marked with modern masonry. Rear of S curtain with wooden walkway and lead? gargoyles; walkway continues round Clock Tower. E front of Western appartments has then tank tower with steeply-pitched slate roof to gallery. Then tall guest tower with tall polygonal turret to R. Steps up to Entrance to L of Beauchamp range with 5 polygonal turrets (but S turret to R of doorway 1927). North block (Holland) of 3 windows plus one set back Gothic fenestration (C20).

Reason for Listing
Listed Grade I as an exceptional building with outstanding architectural features from many historical periods. The High Victorian interiors are of the highest architectural and historic interest, and include important original fittings and furnishings, designed and executed by leading designers and craftsmen.
Scheduled Ancient Monument. Cadw Ref No 5/0938/GM171(CDF)

References
RCAHMW;
J Newman, Glamorgan (Buildings of Wales Series), 1995, pp 194-211;
J M Crook, William Burges and the High Victorian Dream, 1981.

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Notes:

On large site on corner of Duke Street and Kingsway, Bute Park to N and W.

Source: Cadw

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.

#FNLROM: Fashion – The Royal Ontario Museum – Toronto, Ontario – October 21, 2016 – Photographed by Alanna Joanne/Mainstream
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Image by goMainstream
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#FNLROM: Fashion at The Royal Ontario Museum – Toronto, Ontario – October 21, 2016

████████████ EVENT

Celebrate the fabulous world of Fashion! Immerse yourself in the ROM’s collections, and meet local designers at #FNLROM.

ENTERTAINMENT

Chloe Charles
A singer/songwriter with an unfathomable voice and range, and a penchant for risk-taking in her music. She combines R&B, soul, jazz, and folk with an orchestral pop vibe to create a soundscape of loss, love, yearning, lust, and joy.

DJ Richie Rack$
Will be spinning all night long and will make you dance, dance, dance!

Eli Tyler
A new breed of artist, fearless and free from the shackles of the mainstream identity. Eli Tyler makes genre-bending experimental electronic pop for the avant garde listener. With soulful soaring vocals, topped with candy-spun harmonies that ride on a groovy bed of galactic synths, he creates a supernova of sounds that will blast you right out of your sneakers.

ROM FRIDAY NIGHT LIVE IS BACK

Celebrate the fabulous world of Fashion! Immerse yourself in the ROM’s collections, and meet local designers at #FNLROM.

Early bird tickets for FNLROM: Fashion have flown!
Tickets will also be sold at the door starting at 7 pm – space is limited so arrive early!

#FNLROM @ROMtoronto

Get 20% off #FNLROM admission for groups of 20 or more!
For more information, email groupsales@rom.on.ca or call 416-586-5801 x 2.

ENTERTAINMENT

Chloe Charles
A singer/songwriter with an unfathomable voice and range, and a penchant for risk-taking in her music. She combines R&B, soul, jazz, and folk with an orchestral pop vibe to create a soundscape of loss, love, yearning, lust, and joy.

DJ Richie Rack$
Will be spinning all night long and will make you dance, dance, dance!

Eli Tyler
A new breed of artist, fearless and free from the shackles of the mainstream identity. Eli Tyler makes genre-bending experimental electronic pop for the avant garde listener. With soulful soaring vocals, topped with candy-spun harmonies that ride on a groovy bed of galactic synths, he creates a supernova of sounds that will blast you right out of your sneakers.

DJ JAYEMKAYEM
Josephine Cruz aka JAYEMKAYEM is a DJ, radio host, and music curator currently based in Toronto. In just under two years she has established herself within the local and national scene, holding down nights in Toronto’s hippest venues including Apt 200 and the Libertine, and providing music for brands including Jordan/Nike, Lululemon, and Nordstrom, and for events hosted by Yes Julz and Metro Boomin.

University of Toronto Faculty of Music
Featuring Stars from the U of T Jazz Program.

Yiannis Kapoulas
Award-winning multi-instrumentalist, Yiannis Kapoulas is an artist that is impossible to define. He continues to break new ground with his infectious blend of ethno-fusion, world instrumentals – a unique sound that runs the gamut of influences from Latin, Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, jazz, classical, and funk.

GALLERY ACTIVATIONS

ROM Connects
Masters of Dreams: Jewellers of the Americas – Free, RSVP Required

Join us for a free screening of this episode of a four-part documentary on some of the most legendary jewelry houses around the world. Masters of Dreams: The Americas offers an exclusive behind-the-scenes peek into some of the world’s most dazzling jewellery houses. This episode features legendary designers Verdura, Stephen Webster, and John Hardy among others.

Then and Now – African Fashion Week Toronto (AFWT): The Fashion Ready Foundation, organizers of one of the fastest growing fashion weeks in Canada, African Fashion Week Toronto (AFWT), present to you a one of a kind luxury fashion exhibition which will showcase four of their student designer winners from 2013 to 2016. Experience diversity, luxurious fabrics, and creative textiles as we celebrate unique fashion. The designers from 2013 to 2016 are:

ZNA.K (2013 Winner): ZNA.K Designs is a modern fashion label with a diverse Afro-Western flare. Colourful custom designs (and manufacturing) of clothing for all shapes and sizes. This is an award-winning and nominated brand located in Toronto.
MISS BEIDA (2014 Winner): An Afro-inspired fashion company known for their use of Dashiki fabrics to make intricate and sophisticated fashion collections.
GERVACY (2015 Winner): Stemming from the breathtaking island of St. Lucia, head designer Kadeem Faustin brings a fresh take to an old industry, by method of defiance, androgyny, and African print; each stitch is carefully and strategically made.
OFUURE by TEHILAH (2016 Winner): Toronto-based, African-inspired designer with pieces to keep you stylish for all occasions.

ROM FRIDAY NIGHT LIVE IS BACK

Celebrate the fabulous world of Fashion! Immerse yourself in the ROM’s collections, and meet local designers at #FNLROM.

Early bird tickets for FNLROM: Fashion have flown!
Tickets will also be sold at the door starting at 7 pm – space is limited so arrive early!

#FNLROM @ROMtoronto

Get 20% off #FNLROM admission for groups of 20 or more!
For more information, email groupsales@rom.on.ca or call 416-586-5801 x 2.

ENTERTAINMENT

Chloe Charles
A singer/songwriter with an unfathomable voice and range, and a penchant for risk-taking in her music. She combines R&B, soul, jazz, and folk with an orchestral pop vibe to create a soundscape of loss, love, yearning, lust, and joy.

DJ Richie Rack$
Will be spinning all night long and will make you dance, dance, dance!

Eli Tyler
A new breed of artist, fearless and free from the shackles of the mainstream identity. Eli Tyler makes genre-bending experimental electronic pop for the avant garde listener. With soulful soaring vocals, topped with candy-spun harmonies that ride on a groovy bed of galactic synths, he creates a supernova of sounds that will blast you right out of your sneakers.

DJ JAYEMKAYEM
Josephine Cruz aka JAYEMKAYEM is a DJ, radio host, and music curator currently based in Toronto. In just under two years she has established herself within the local and national scene, holding down nights in Toronto’s hippest venues including Apt 200 and the Libertine, and providing music for brands including Jordan/Nike, Lululemon, and Nordstrom, and for events hosted by Yes Julz and Metro Boomin.

University of Toronto Faculty of Music
Featuring Stars from the U of T Jazz Program.

Yiannis Kapoulas
Award-winning multi-instrumentalist, Yiannis Kapoulas is an artist that is impossible to define. He continues to break new ground with his infectious blend of ethno-fusion, world instrumentals – a unique sound that runs the gamut of influences from Latin, Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, jazz, classical, and funk.

GALLERY ACTIVATIONS

ROM Connects
Masters of Dreams: Jewellers of the Americas – Free, RSVP Required

Join us for a free screening of this episode of a four-part documentary on some of the most legendary jewelry houses around the world. Masters of Dreams: The Americas offers an exclusive behind-the-scenes peek into some of the world’s most dazzling jewellery houses. This episode features legendary designers Verdura, Stephen Webster, and John Hardy among others.

Then and Now – African Fashion Week Toronto (AFWT): The Fashion Ready Foundation, organizers of one of the fastest growing fashion weeks in Canada, African Fashion Week Toronto (AFWT), present to you a one of a kind luxury fashion exhibition which will showcase four of their student designer winners from 2013 to 2016. Experience diversity, luxurious fabrics, and creative textiles as we celebrate unique fashion. The designers from 2013 to 2016 are:

ZNA.K (2013 Winner): ZNA.K Designs is a modern fashion label with a diverse Afro-Western flare. Colourful custom designs (and manufacturing) of clothing for all shapes and sizes. This is an award-winning and nominated brand located in Toronto.
MISS BEIDA (2014 Winner): An Afro-inspired fashion company known for their use of Dashiki fabrics to make intricate and sophisticated fashion collections.
GERVACY (2015 Winner): Stemming from the breathtaking island of St. Lucia, head designer Kadeem Faustin brings a fresh take to an old industry, by method of defiance, androgyny, and African print; each stitch is carefully and strategically made.
OFUURE by TEHILAH (2016 Winner): Toronto-based, African-inspired designer with pieces to keep you stylish for all occasions.

White Cashmere Collection 2016: A fund and awareness-raiser for the Canadian Breast Cancer Foundation showcasing breathtaking fashions from top Canadian designers Will Poho and Joseph Tassoni, UTTLD, and AGAME – all crafted in luxuriously soft Cashmere bathroom tissue.

Taz Hair Co: Showcasing the evolution of hair design as well as current trends supported by tips and tricks for you to take away. The hair celebrities of Taz look forward to sharing their passion by immersing you into the hair fashion world.

In Conversation: Explore Asafo Flags with the curator behind the exhibition, Silvia Forni.

Out of the Vaults: Nothing accents the latest fashions like a timeless gemstone! Discover the science behind the bling with Veronica Di Cecco.

Giant Digital Adult Colouring Wall: Revive your inner kid with MakeLab’s huge digital spraypaint colouring pages!

Art Deco Chic: Immerse yourself in the extravagant glamour and exquisite designs that defined style between the wars!

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The Royal Ontario Museum

The Royal Ontario Museum (ROM) is among the world’s leading museums of natural history and world cultures. In combining a universal museum of cultures with that of natural history, the ROM offers an unusual breadth of experience to our audiences from around the world. We realize more acutely now that nature and humanity are intertwined, and the ROM offers many examples in its collections and programs of these fundamental relationships.

The ROM invites everyone to explore and enjoy extraordinary experiences of science and civilization at the Museum, online and through our various outreach programs. We strive to bring you insights into how the earth and its cultures have evolved, and how the changes we face today will shape the world we’ll live in tomorrow.

www.rom.on.ca/en#/gallery/recent
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Accomodation – Neville’s Court
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Image by cosmic_spanner
As well as having no toilets or plumbed bathroom facilities, Paddock was not designed for sleeping in (except in an emergency, where temporary cots could have been put into the corridors). Accomodation was provided in nearby Neville’s Court, where members of staff and the government were each allocated quarters. Rumour has it that Churchill did have sleeping quarters within the bunker, but which room this might have been is unclear.

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